Diverticulitis is an infection or an inflammation of pockets or porches known as diverticula that form along the lining of the colon, which cause the condition of diverticulosis. While sometimes harmless, these pockets can become inflamed or infected, resulting in an attack of diverticulitis.

diverticula pockets can form due to a number of reasons, such as increased pressure from waste. And when the pockets get blocked, bacteria can build up causing swelling and infection. Several risk factors are associated with developing diverticulosis including:
Age, Smoking habits, dehydration, medications, lack of exercise and overweight.

In many cases, diverticulosis is harmless and doesn’t show any symptoms. However, the inflammation of diverticulitis can cause pain in the lower abdomen, as well as nausea, fever, constipation or diarrhea.

Treatment options can be different based on the severity of the symptoms, and can range from antibiotics, pain killers and liquid-only-diets to surgery in more severe cases of the disease.

You should seek medical attention anytime you feel an intense pain in your abdomen, or if you show any warning signs or symptoms of diverticulitis.

the risk of developing diverticulosis increases with age, and affects about 50 percent of people over the age of 60

Diverticulitis usually occurs in the lowermost part of the large intestine

Doctors often do several tests to diagnose diverticulosis, such as CT scan and blood test.