For the advanced cases of colorectal cancer and inflammatory bowel diseases, surgery can be the most effective treatment method that aims to take out the part of the colon or rectum where the problem is.
Modern technologies introduce several minimally invasive methods of colorectal surgery which have tremendous benefits over the traditional open surgery that requires making a long incision in the abdomen to access the colon.

Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery of the colon, which requires only a few tiny incisions instead of one long one, allowing surgeons to remove a part of the colon using a camera and surgical instruments inserted into keyhole-size incisions.
This surgical approach means less blood loss and less post-operative pain for patients; faster recovery time and lower infection rates.

Robotic surgery is an even more advanced method of minimally invasive surgery in which robotic arms control the camera and the surgical instrument. Robotic surgery is more precise, and is a more sophisticated way of doing minimally invasive surgery.

The doctor determines the surgical approach better suited for each patient individually, based on their condition and medical records, as well as the nature and the spread of the disease or the cancer.