Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts and is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. Both men and women can be diagnosed with breast cancer, but it is far more common in women. Even though breast cancer can be life threatening, there’s a good chance of recovery if it’s detected at an early stage.

A lump in the breast or underarm is often the first symptom of breast cancer. Other signs may include:

  • a change in the size or shape of one or both breasts
  • General pain in any part of the breast
  • a rash, redness or swelling of the breast skin
  • a change in the appearance of the nipple
  • a change in the breast color
  • changes in touch so the breast may feel hard, tender or warm

Breast cancer occurs when some breast cells begin to grow abnormally. Cells may then spread through the breast to the lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.

Several factors are associated with developing breast cancer. Such as

  • Gender, since women are more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer.
  • Increasing age
  • A personal or family history of breast cancer
  • Certain benign breast conditions, such as an overgrowth of cells or benign breast tumors
  • Radiation exposure, such as various radiation treatment or even ultraviolet radiation from the sun
  • Obesity, overweight and not being physically active
  • Unhealthy diets that are high in fats, sugars and processed meat
  • Tobacco and alcohol consumption
  • And taking hormones or hormone replacement therapy can increase the risk of developing skin cancer

Doctors can detect early breast lumps using mammogram screening long before it can be felt by the patient, when it is easier to treat before it can cause any other symptoms. This is why having regular mammograms can lower the risks of breast cancers.