Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes ulcers and sores to appear in the digestive tract, along with swelling and long-lasting inflammations . The ulcers usually affect the linings of the colon and the rectum. Ulcerative colitis takes a considerably long time to develop, and can sometimes lead to life-threatening complications.
The symptoms of the disease can vary, depending on the location and the severity of the inflammation. Such symptoms can include recurring and bloody diarrhea, pain, fatigue and fever.
While Ulcerative colitis has no known cure, treatment can relieve the symptoms and even prevent symptoms from returning. In most cases, this is achieved by taking medicine. Surgery may become necessary if medicines are found ineffective, or if the quality of life is significantly affected by the condition.
You should seek medical attention as soon as you see any symptoms of Ulcerative colitis. While most cases can be treated and managed at home, more severe conditions need to be treated in a hospital.