Your colon can efficiently remove the waste your body no longer needs. However, a variety of painful problems may occur in an unhealthy colon. The most common disorders of the colon are inflammatory bowel diseases such as Ulcerative Colitis which causes pain in the sigmoid colon and the rectum; Crohn’s disease with cramps-like pain in the middle of the abdomen; And the colorectal cancer which starts in the rectum or the colon, and might spread to other parts of the body.

Patients of inflammatory bowel diseases display a number of symptoms depending on the disease and the severity of the illness. Such symptoms include abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea, bloating, cramping and fatigue.

Since most Inflammatory bowel diseases are triggered or aggravated by a poor diet, it is very likely that these diseases can be prevented through lifestyle changes such as healthy eating. Other treatments include exercising, taking medications or undergoing surgery.